Do's and Don'ts after Knee Replacement Surgery

dos-and-donts-after-knee-replacement-surgery

Knee replacement surgery is a life-changing procedure because it allows people to return to their favorite hobbies without worrying about pain or impairment. Thanks to advancements in methods and implants, many knee replacement procedures are done each year.

Following knee replacement surgery, rehabilitation is an essential aspect of healing. Depending on the recovery and the operation, most patients can return home three days following surgery or even sooner. However, once the patients have returned home, they must follow particular precautions and exercises to optimize the advantages of the operation and avoid any consequences.

Let's know about do's and don't after a knee replacement surgery.

What is knee replacement surgery?

Knee replacement, commonly known as complete knee replacement or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical operation that resurfaces a knee that has been destroyed by arthritis. The extremities of the bones that make up the knee joint and the kneecap are capped with metal and plastic pieces. If you have severe arthritis or a significant knee injury, you may consider this operation.

A variety of arthritis forms may affect the knee joint. Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that affects middle-aged and older persons, may cause the degradation of joint cartilage and neighboring bone in the knees.

Rheumatoid arthritis produces pain and stiffness by inflaming the synovial membrane and resulting in more than synovial fluid. In addition, traumatic arthritis, or arthritis caused by accident, may harm the cartilage in the knee.

We perform knee replacement surgery on the patient to repair damaged parts of the knee joint and ease knee pain that has become unmanageable with traditional treatments.

Who is the candidate for knee replacement?

Orthopedic surgeons use a variety of characteristics when determining who is potential for knee replacement. The patient's discomfort and impairment and general health, age, and activity level are all considered.

A physician may prescribe knee replacement surgery for a variety of reasons, including:

  • ● Severe knee pain or soreness that has not improved after conservative therapy and the patient's mobility and capacity to do everyday duties has been severely limited.
  • ● Medication, physical therapy, and taking time off from activities have not been effective in reducing swelling and inflammation in the patient's knee.
  • ● The patient complains of severe knee pain that persists even while resting.
  • ● There is a malformation in the knee, such as a bowed knee.

Most individuals who have knee replacement surgery see a significant change in their mobility and capacity to lead an everyday life. Though knee replacement surgery is generally done on people over 50, anybody over 50 may be a candidate if their symptoms merit it.

Do's after Knee Replacement

You play a vital role in the care of your new knee, which includes:

  • ● After surgery, use ice to minimize swelling and inflammation. Because cold temperature causes the blood vessels in the leg to shrink, icing helps reduce discomfort and edoema.
  • ● The following day of operation, and in certain situations, the same day of surgery, is recommended for walking. Edema and stiffness may be reduced by walking with assistance regularly.
  • ● Walking also boosts circulation and helps to avoid thrombosis.
  • ● It is critical to have proper support when walking and exercising to prevent unintended injury. To avoid falling, you'll need to correctly use a walker or a cane.
  • ● A nutritious diet rich in fibre and water is essential to avoid constipation after surgery. Constipation is a side effect of general anaesthesia used during surgery. Obese and overweight people should strive to lose weight by following a nutrition plan under the direction of their primary physician.
  • ● Care for the operation wound according to the surgeon's recommendations. Any indicators of surgical site infection, such as redness, severe swelling, discharge from the incision, and fever, should be reported very once.

Don'ts after Knee Replacement

Certain activities put pressure on your new knee and must be prevented unless your doctor says otherwise:

  • ● In the first several weeks after surgery, avoid doing anything that involves twisting or exerting a lot of force.
  • ● Stick to the wound-care recommendations provided by your doctor, and avoid allowing the incision area to get damp or unclean. In addition, notify your doctor if you have any discharge or redness.
  • ● While exercising is beneficial, don't force yourself to bend or stretch if it causes discomfort. Instead, gradually enhance your exercise ability under the guidance of your therapist.
  • ● Do not participate in high-impact activities/sports following knee replacement surgery, even if it has been weeks or months. For example, running/jogging is often discouraged by surgeons.
  • ● Initial postoperative pain may need the use of narcotic medications. Patients who are taking narcotic medications are advised not to drive.
  • ● If the pain and swelling are out of proportion to the expected postoperative symptoms, they should not be dismissed. These signs and symptoms might suggest a serious problem, such as deep vein thrombosis.

Some other things to keep in mind

Making some alterations to your house may benefit you throughout your recuperation period. The following are examples of such adjustments, although they are not exhaustive:

  • ● Handrails should be installed on all stairways.
  • ● Handrails in the shower or bath for added safety
  • ● Bench or chair for the shower
  • ● A toilet seat that is higher than the ground
  • ● A sponge with a long handle and a shower hose
  • ● A dressing stick
  • ● Sock that helps
  • ● Shoehorn with a long handle
  • ● Using a reaching stick to pick up stuff
  • ● Take care to remove any loose carpeting or electrical cables that might cause you to trip
  • ● Avoid stair climbing unless instructed to do so by your physician

Conclusion

Generally, knee replacement surgeries are very successful. A well-organized rehabilitation program with the doctor and physical therapist ensures that the patient returns to regular activities as soon as feasible. Discuss questions you may have with your doctor before and after the surgery to ensure that they are addressed.

You can also book an appointment with our knee replacement experts to know more about it in detail.

About Author

Dr. Ajinkya Desale

Best Orthopedic and Joint Replacement Surgeon in Nashik